Euler Hermes Country and Sector Risk Methodology Summary

Country Risk Methodology


The evaluation of overall country risk is the combination of the Medium-Term Rating (Country Grade) and the Short-Term Rating (Country Risk Level).

The Medium-Term Rating (Country Grade) measures economic imbalances, the quality of the business climate, and the likelihood of political hazards. It is on a six-level scale running from AA to D, in which AA is the lowest risk level and D is the highest risk level. The Medium-Term Rating is the combination of three scores:


  • The Macroeconomic Rating (ME) based on the analysis of the structure of the economy, budgetary and monetary policy, indebtedness, the external balance, the stability of the banking system and the capacity to respond effectively to (emerging) weaknesses;
  • The Structural Business Environment Rating (SBE) measures the perceptions of the regulatory and legal framework, control of corruption and relative ease of doing business; and
  • The Political Risk Rating (P), which is based on the analysis of mechanisms for transferring and concentration of power, the effectiveness of policy-making, the independence of institutions, social cohesion, and international relations.


The Short-Term Rating (Country Risk Level) identifies more immediate threats by focusing on the direction of economic output in the next 6-12 months and those macroeconomic indicators that can signal imminent financial crisis as a result of a disruption to financing flows. It is measured on a four-level scale running from 1 to 4, in which 1 is the lowest risk level and 4 is the highest risk level. Those four levels of risk are also labelled as low medium sensitive and high in our country risk map. The Short-Term Rating is the combination of two indicators:


  • The Financial Flows Indicator (FFI), a measure of short-term financing risks for an economy that can impact payments of trade receivables between companies; and
  • The Cyclical Risk Indicator (CRI) which measures the short-term disruptions in demand. It includes our macroeconomic and insolvency forecasts. 


Together those five risk dimensions constitute Euler Hermes' top notch country risk methodology. It assesses the risk of non-payment by a company in a given country, a must support decision-making by our clients.


Sector Risk Methodology


At the end of every quarter, Euler Hermes updates its sector risk ratings, which measure the risk of non-payment for 20 sectors in 70 countries, with a view of demand, profitability, financing and competition risks in each country. The result is a 4-scale risk level from Low - sound fundamentals with a very favorable or fairly good outlook - to High - imminent or ongoing crisis.