External challenges, strong domestic fundamentals


LOW RISK for entreprise

  • Economic risk

  • Business environment risk

  • Political risk

  • Commercial risk

  • Financing risk

GDP USD416.596bn (World ranking 27, World Bank 2017)
Population 8.81mn (World ranking 96, World Bank 2017)
Form of state Federal Republic
Head of government Brigitte Bierlein (Chancellor)
Next elections September 2019
  • Competitive high-income economy
  • Good budgetary position
  • Low external imbalances
  • Banking sector weaknesses
  • High export-dependence
  • Elevated public debt level
  • Unfavorable demographics

Domestic demand to drive economic growth

Following three years of super-charged growth above +2%, economic momentum has cooled down notably in Austria. Slowing global economic growth and elevated political risks have weighed on the performance of Austrian exports. The weakness has affected the country’s industrial sector in particular, while services have held up for now. After all, private consumption has proven remarkably resilient, thanks to the very favorable labor market situation, with unemployment registering below the 5% mark. Meanwhile, inflation has recently slowed down to below 2%, supporting household purchasing power. Investment activity has also proven rather robust despite the weaker export performance. Nevertheless, given the openness of the Austrian economy, domestic demand is not immune to external headwinds. The longer the global economic soft patch and elevated uncertainty persist, the more the Austrian economy will be affected. With trade uncertainty unlikely to fade before early next year — when we expect the US-China trade dispute to deescalate in the face of slowing U.S. GDP growth — we estimate Austrian GDP growth to slow to +1.5% in 2019, before accelerating to +2% in 2020.  Inflation, meanwhile, should come in at 1.8% and 1.9% in 2019 and 2020, respectively.

Public finances: Favorable debt dynamics

Austrian public finances have recorded a notable improvement in recent years. During the Eurozone debt crisis, government debt as a percentage of GDP rose significantly. But in 2018, it came down to 74%, from 85% in 2015, due to higher fiscal discipline, buoyant economic growth and a declining interest burden, thanks to the low rate environment. In fact, in 2018, Austria posted its first budget surplus since 1974. Slowing GDP growth will provide some headwind to the government’s consolidation course, but we still expect the debt-to-GDP ratio to fall below the 70% mark by end 2020.

Trade structure by destination/origin

(% of total)

Exports Rank Imports
Germany 29%
41% Germany
United States 6%
6% Italy
Italy 6%
5% Switzerland
Switzerland 5%
5% Czech Republic
Slovakia 5%
4% Netherlands

Trade structure by product

(% of total)

Exports Rank Imports
Industrial machinery and parts 18%
31% Non-monetary gold
Electrical machinery, apparatus and appliances 12%
11% Pharmaceutical products
Road vehicles 10%
7% Industrial machinery and parts
Pharmaceutical products 5%
6% Road vehicles
Plastics and articles thereof 5%
5% Electrical machinery, apparatus and appliances

The payment behaviour of domestic companies is good and the EU legal framework provides reliable tools when it comes to late payment issues.

  • Low

  • Medium

  • Sensitive

  • High

  • Payments

  • Court proceedings

  • Insolvency proceedings

The court system is efficient and reliable overall, but pre-legal action conducted by specialists remains the most effective method of collecting debt.

Austrian insolvency law aims to rescue companies in order to increase the chances of recovering debts. It establishes a legal requirement for reorganization plans to provide a minimum quota of 20% in 2 years. However, it is rare for unsecured creditors to recover significantly where reorganization fails or bankruptcy proceedings are started from the beginning.

Download the entire collection complexity PDF:

Collection complexity Austria

pdf | 675.5 KB