Country risk rating

BB2

MEDIUM RISK for entreprise

  • Economic risk

  • Business environment risk

  • Political risk

  • Commercial risk

  • Financing risk

  • Economic risk

  • Business environment risk

  • Political risk

  • Commercial risk

  • Financing risk

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GDP USD 12.0bn (World ranking 136, World Bank 2020)
Population 0.44mn (World ranking 172, World Bank 2020)
Form of state Absolute monarchy
Head of state Hassanal Bolkiah (PM)
Next elections None
  • Low risk of political instability or social unrest despite the absence of democratic mechanisms
  • Oil and gas production will remain a calculable income basis and, together with considerable investment income from abroad, serve to maintain Brunei’s status as a high income country at least over the medium term
  • Large current account surpluses
  • Exchange rate peg of the Brunei dollar to the Singapore dollar ensures low inflation
  • Public debt is nil and external debt is low, net creditor position
  • Favorable business environment
  • Unclear succession of power
  • Very high level of government intervention in the economy
  • High dependence on the oil and gas sector, thus vulnerability to global prices
  • Large budgetary shortfalls since 2015 (though covered by transfers from the Brunei Investment Agency)
  • Modest long-term contraction of real GDP per capita
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