Good momentum, but still vulnerable


SENSITIVE RISK for enterprise

  • Economic risk

  • Business environment risk

  • Political risk

  • Commercial risk

  • Financing risk

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GDP USD 14.05bn (World ranking 118, World Bank 2016)
Population 17.99 million (World ranking 62, World Bank 2016)
Form of state Republic
Head of government Ibrahim Boubacar Keita
Next elections 2018, presidential and legislative
  • Natural resource base includes gold and agricultural crops such as cotton.
  • Low inflation and limited transfer and exchange rate risks as a result of membership in the CFA franc zone.
  • Large-scale debt relief in 2003-06 resulted in a more manageable external debt burden.
  • Access to IMF financing.
  • Significant domestic and regional security and stability risks. Existential threat to the current sovereign state.
  • High levels of poverty.
  • Poor infrastructure and a landlocked position limit economic development and impose additional trading costs.
  • Lack of significant economic diversification.
  • Narrow fiscal base and inefficient tax administration partly explain large and recurrent fiscal deficits.
  • Large current account deficits, only partly covered by FDI.
  • Weak business environment

Trade structure by destination/origin

(% of total)

Exports Rank Imports
UAE 33%
16% Senegal
Switzerland 19%
13% China
South Africa 19%
11% Côte d'Ivoire
India 5%
10% France
China 3%
5% Ghana

Trade structure by product

(% of total)

Exports Rank Imports
Overall positive economic outlook 68%
20% Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials
Textiles fibres and their wastes 13%
8% Road vehicles
Fertilizers other than group 272 6%
6% Non metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.
Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits 2%
5% Specialised machinery
Live animals other than animals of division 03 2%
5% Medicinal and pharmaceutical products

Euler Hermes

Economic Research Team

Georges Dib

Economist for Latin America, Spain and Portugal