Philippines

Solid growth and firm policy buffers

B1

LOW RISK for entreprise

  • Economic risk

  • Business environment risk

  • Political risk

  • Commercial risk

  • Financing risk

GDP USD304.9bn (World ranking 35, World Bank 2016)
Population 103.3mn (World ranking 12, World Bank 2016)
Form of state Republic
Head of government Rodrigo Duterte
Next elections 2019, general election
  • Robust GDP growth since 2002 and resilience to external headwinds
  • Solid monetary and fiscal policies
  • Current account surpluses since 2003
  • Relatively low external debt
  • Ample foreign exchange reserves
  • Strong remittances inflows
  • History of political turmoil and ongoing security issues pose a risk to political stability
  • Strong income disparities
  • High dependency on electronic and electrical exports and tourism
  • Weak business environment

Defying expectations

The economy is performing well despite investor’s worries following Rodrigo Duterte’s election. The Philippines will rank among the top performers in the region in 2017. Strong growth - above +6% - is buoyed by solid domestic demand and an improvement in exports.

Moderate inflation, robust remittances inflows and solid job creation support a rise in private consumption. Private investment benefits from robust growth in credit and a rise in new orders. Public expenditures growth remains strong albeit at a slower pace due to base effects related to the 2016 election. Exports are improving due to higher demand from major economies.

In the longer term, GDP growth should remain strong. A weak Philippine Peso and improved global demand will contribute to steady exports performance. Domestic demand growth will remain firm on the back of supportive monetary and fiscal policies. Investment growth will remain the main driver, followed by private consumption.

Risks relate to domestic political developments. Further controversial statements and actions by President Rodrigo Duterte could hinder investor’s sentiment. At the same time, slower growth in global demand could halt current exports improvement.

Solid macroeconomic buffers allow for considerable support

Public finances have improved to a large extent over the past seven years. National government debt has decreased to 42% of GDP in 2016 (down from 54.8% in 2009). It should remain broadly stable over 2017-2018 thanks to solid nominal GDP growth.

Looking ahead, the authorities intend to use available fiscal means to make growth more inclusive with an increase in infrastructure investment and higher social expenditures. The national government deficit ceiling has been increased to -3% GDP (up from -2.0% in the previous administration).

The monetary policy stance is prudent and supportive. Inflation is under control, in the mid-point of the Central Bank’s target range (3% ± 1pp). Policy rate is at a low level at 3%. Yet, downward pressures on the peso and a double digit rise in credit suggest a more hawkish stance going forward. 

On the external front, the Philippines has enjoyed a structural current account surplus from 2003 to 2016 with strong worker remittances and robust exports of services.

In the short run, the current account balance is expected to decrease as rising infrastructure investment boosts imports. A gradual improvement is expected going forward with improved prices competiveness and sustained growth in global demand. The external debt is at an acceptable level. Foreign exchange reserves are significant, covering close to 8 months of imports of goods and services. 

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Trade structure by destination/origin

(% of total)

Exports Rank Imports
Japan 21%
1
19% China
United States 15%
2
12% Japan
Hong Kong 12%
3
9% United State
China 11%
4
8% Thailand
Singapore 7%
5
7% South Korea

Trade structure by product

(% of total)

Exports Rank Imports
Electrical machinery, apparatus and appliances 42%
1
20% Electrical machinery, apparatus and appliances
Office machines, automatic data processing machines 12%
2
9% Road vehicles
Cork and wood manufactures (excluding furniture) 5%
3
8% Petroleum and related materials
Vegetables and fruits 3%
4
5% Office machines, automatic data processing machines
Other transport equipment 3%
5
4% Iron and stee

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