Picking up speed


LOW RISK for entreprise

  • Economic risk

  • Business environment risk

  • Political risk

  • Commercial risk

  • Financing risk

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GDP USD406.8bn (World ranking 25, World Bank 2016)
Population 68.9mn (World ranking 20, World Bank 2016)
Form of state Constitutional Monarchy
Head of government Prayut Chan-o-cha
Next elections 2018, general election
  • Moderate public debt and acceptable fiscal deficit 
  • Appropriate monetary policy management
  • Solid commercial banks with high level of provision and capital
  • Favourable external debt burden
  • Regional trade hub
  • Well diversified economy
  • Chronic political instability since 2006, with the overthrow of the elected government in a military coup in May 2014
  • Asset quality of specialized financial institution is weaker than that of commercial banks
  • Dependence on Chinese trade links

Consolidating the momentum

Growth is set to rise by +3.8% in 2017 and +3.5% in 2018. This is above 2016 rates (+3.2%) and the +3% recorded in 2013-2015. The first half of 2017 has been strong with expansion supported by higher exports and solid growth in domestic demand.

Exports are set to remain firm due to higher demand from the US, China and the Eurozone. Domestic demand growth is also expected to rise. Public expenditures growth will remain strong. This is due to higher public investment in key infrastructure projects.

Private consumption growth should benefit from low inflation and higher household income. Private investment growth should edge up due to higher new orders and favorable financing conditions.

We see three risks going forward. First, uncertainties about the next general elections could limit growth momentum through lower private investment. Second, political conditions in major markets (e.g. US protectionist measures) and geopolitical tensions in the Korean peninsula could hinder trade flows. Third, slower-than-expected economic growth in the US or China could act as a drag on Thai exports.

Supportive macro-policies

We expect the policy mix to remain accommodative as inflation should remain within the target range (1%-4%) and the need to support current economic recovery remains. The Central Bank has adopted a measured easing stance in an effort to balance the management of large household debt and boost economic growth.

Going forward, with household income gaining traction, the bank should have more wiggle room to focus on growth.

The government will continue to make use of fiscal space to support the economy. Over the past years, the fiscal position weakened. This reflects a more accommodative stance through corporate tax cuts and measures to support SMEs and rural areas.

In the long run, this stance is expected to be maintained. Infrastructure investment may increase to enhance connectivity with neighbouring countries and reduce logistical costs.

External position: strong buffers

Import cover is strong at more than 6 months. External debt is at an acceptable level of around 32% of GDP. The current account surplus is large reflecting solid export recovery.

Despite the political instability, FDI inflows remain a significant source of financing.

Pressures on the currency remain due to tighter monetary policy in the US and political uncertainties.

Trade structure by destination/origin

(% of total)

Exports Rank Imports
United States 11%
22% China
China 11%
16% Japan
Japan 10%
6% United States
China, Hong-Kong SAR 5%
6% Malaysia
Australia 5%
4% Korea, Republic of

Trade structure by product

(% of total)

Exports Rank Imports
Road vehicles 12%
13% Electrical machinery, apparatus and appliances, n.e.s.
Electrical machinery, apparatus and appliances, n.e.s. 10%
9% Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials
Office machines and automatic data processing machines 8%
6% Other industrial machinery and parts
Other industrial machinery and parts 5%
6% Iron and steel
Telecommunication and sound recording apparatus 4%
5% Telecommunication and sound recording apparatus

The payment behavior of Thai companies is fairly good, but regulations are limited when it comes to late payments.

  • Low

  • Medium

  • Sensitive

  • High

  • Payments

  • Court proceedings

  • Insolvency proceedings

Although domestic courts are fairly independent, the rule of law perception has margin for improvement, as procedural delays and costs may be an issue and enforcing court decisions can be challenging. Overall, use of the courts should be avoided and conducting pre-legal collection action is advisable.

Collecting debt from insolvent debtors is often extremely difficult, especially when the debt is not secured.

Download the entire collection complexity PDF:

Collection complexity Thailand

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Contact Euler Hermes

Economic Research Team

Contact Mahamoud Islam

Senior Economist for Asia 

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