CONGO (DEMOCRATIC REP OF)

Little progress is expected on reducing extensive poverty

D4

HIGH RISK for entreprise

  • Economic risk

  • Business environment risk

  • Political risk

  • Commercial risk

  • Financing risk

  • Economic risk

  • Business environment risk

  • Political risk

  • Commercial risk

  • Financing risk

The country risk assessments are your North Star metrics to make the right decision for your business and understand the risks in international trade. We have always the best solution for your needs

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GDP USD47bn (World Ranking 94, World Bank 2019)
Population 87mn (World Ranking 16, World Bank 2019)
Form of state Semi-presidential republic
Head of state Félix Tshisekedi (President)
Next elections 2024, presidential & legislative
  • Extensive natural resource base, including copper, cobalt, gold, diamonds, oil, forestry products and hydroelectric power potential (the Inga III dam project, with support from the World Bank, could boost power supply in the longer term).
  • Attempts to maintain domestic and regional stability are assisted by the presence of a large UN mission force.
  • The government in Kinshasa in the west has limited control over other parts of the country, particularly in the east where there is armed conflict involving local rebel forces and militias from neighbouring countries.
  • Difficult relations with neighbours, particularly Rwanda
  • The key mining sector is subject to contractual uncertainty and state intervention and output is vulnerable to security risks.
  • Current account deficits.
  • Infrastructure in Africa’s second largest country is weak, increasing supply chain costs.
  • Very weak structural business environment.

Trade structure by destination/origin

(% of total)

Exports Rank Imports
China 38
1
19% South Africa
Zambia 24%
2
17% Zambia
Saudi Arabia 8%
3
13% China
Italy 7%
4
7% Belgium
Belgium 4%
5
4% France

Trade structure by product

(% of total)

Exports Rank Imports
Non-ferrous metals 54%
1
11% Medicinal and pharmaceutical products
Non metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s. 11%
2
6% Other industrial machinery and parts
Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials 8%
3
6% Non metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.
Metalliferous ores and metal scrap 6%
4
6% Specialised machinery
Cork and wood 3%
5
5% Road vehicles
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